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Brum’s 1934 plan for middle-of-the-road cycleway finally built in 2019

Once drivers get used to this junction will they accelerate through the give way markings looking out for only motor vehicles?

In 1934, Birmingham planned to build a cycle track within the 22-ft-wide central reservation on the A34 Walsall Road. (This flew in the face of design guidance issued by the Ministry of Transport which, instead, recommended 6 or 9-ft cycleways on each side of dual carriageway arterial roads.) By 1937–8 the plans were revised, with the central cycle track still due to be built, but with the outbreak of war in 1939 the “improvement scheme” was cancelled.

Birmingham’s A38 cycleway runs on a former tramway
One of Bristol Road’s central reservation trams in the 1950s, shortly before the tramway was abandoned. Photo by D. J. Norton

I know of only one 1930s middle-of-the-road cycle track scheme: the bizarre one built in the central reservation of the Mickleham bypass in Surrey, which I have discussed on BikeBoom previously (project backers only). But now there’s a modern one in Birmingham, this time on the A38 Bristol Road from close to New Street in city centre to the University of Birmingham close to Bournbrook, on the way to Selly Oak.

It’s not yet open but I rode on it yesterday, and took some drone photographs and videos. It’s really rather good, and – in parts – surprisingly scenic.

The new A38 cycleway runs from central Birmingham to Selly Oak, most of it to the sides of the road except for a stretch in the central reservation

Bristol Road is the former turnpike road to Selly Oak, straightened and resurfaced in 1771, and the 22-ft wide tree-lined central reservation is a former tramway dating from the 1880s and ripped out in the 1950s.

“Birmingham Cycling Revolution” is building another protected cycleway on the A34 at Perry Barr, and together the two flagship routes are costing £12.5m and should be opening soon (although this keeps getting pushed back).

Motorists have a wider than optimal entrance to this junction, which could encourage fast exits from those not willing to take time to look out for cyclists
Presumably, once finished, this crossing will be signalised …
Same crossing, different angle

Incidentally, student housing built close to the Bristol Road cycleway, and owned by the University of Birmingham, is built on the remains of a massive cycle factory built in the 1890s, and which existed until the 1960s making Ariel motorbikes. This was where the mass-market Ariel bicycle was made. The original Ariel was made in 1871 by James “father of the cycle industry” Starley, and the brand name eventually passed to Harvey du Cros, the business brain behind Dunlop pneumatic tyres, made first for bicycles. Along with fellow cycle industrialist Charles Sangster, Du Cros was a director of Cycle Components Manufacturing Company and this company opened its Ariel factory in Bournbrook in 1895.


Before I checked out the modern A38 cycleway I took my first look of the 1930s cycleway on the Chester Road in Erdington, a period photograph of which appeared on the original Kickstarter campaign. I’ll describe that visit in a later update for backers (become one now). And talking about Kickstarter, the Virtual Velo-city campaign has achieved its target so I will be going to Dublin with Laura Laker – the campaign has another 11 days to run and there’s a stretch goal of commissioning video footage from the world’s leading cycle advocacy summit.

Bike Boom is now available

Bike Boom was published in June 2017 by Island Press of Washington, DC.

The 800+ footnotes for the book are free to read online.

Go here:

Buy the print book from,, Barnes&Noble, or indie book sellers. Digital versions of the book are available on Amazon and Apple’s Book Store. The iPad version of the book (with additional illustrations and videos and audio files) will be available from Apple’s Book Store soon.

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Netherlands vs Britain

Screenshot 2016-11-28 10.24.30

Zoom in and out of OpenCycleMap: the difference between the Netherlands and the UK is stark, as is the difference between Belgium and France, countries which share the same topography at the border, and in parts the same language, but where the provision of cycleways is so different.

There are also stark differences between the two “halves” of Belgium, the Flemish-speaking north (Flanders) and the French-speaking south (Wallonia).

It’s also worth pointing out that the provision of cycleways doesn’t necessarily mean the cycling will be great; for instance, from the map it might seem that Belgium has more cycleways than France, but that doesn’t mean Belgium is a better cycling country than France.

Note, not all of the purple cycleways marked on the map above are separated or protected. OpenCycleMap is crowd-sourced, and some data is provided by state actors, but in other countries this is not the case. Plus, density of cycleways can sometimes reflect population density, see:

More such stuff in Bike Boom, published May 2017, Island Press, Washington, D.C. Sign up for updates on the right.